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Rock Cycle

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which type of rock can weather and wear away to form sediment?
a.
igneous rock
c.
metamorphic rock
b.
sedimentary rock
d.
all of the above
 

 2. 

Which kind of rock is formed when volcanic lava cools?
a.
sedimentary
c.
igneous
b.
metamorphic
d.
magma
 

 3. 

An igneous rock with a coarse-grained texture forms when
a.
magma cools very slowly.
c.
magma cools quickly, then slowly.
b.
magma cools very quickly.
d.
magma cools slowly, then quickly.
 

 4. 

Chemical sedimentary rock forms when
a.
magma cools and solidifies.
b.
minerals are twisted into a new arrangement.
c.
minerals crystallize from a solution.
d.
sand grains are cemented together.
 

 5. 

Fast-cooling lava will most likely form ____ igneous rock.
a.
fine-grained
c.
nonfoliated
b.
foliated
d.
coarse-grained
 

 6. 

Heat and pressure deep beneath Earth's surface can change any rock into
a.
chemical rock.
b.
gemstones.
c.
metamorphic rock.
d.
sedimentary rock.
 

 7. 

Rock that cools very quickly when it forms may have a texture that is
a.
smooth and shiny with no visible grain.
b.
multicolored and banded.
c.
coarse grained.
d.
made up of jagged grains.
 

 8. 

Which of the following is used to classify metamorphic rock?
a.
clastic or chemical
c.
intrusive or extrusive
b.
foliated or nonfoliated
d.
felsic or mafic
 

 9. 

The texture of a metamorphic rock that has grains arranged in parallel layers is described as
a.
foliated.
b.
jagged grained.
c.
coarse grained.
d.
nonfoliated.
 

 10. 

What type of rock is sandstone?
a.
igneous
c.
ferromagnetic
b.
metamorphic
d.
sedimentary
 

 11. 

Igneous rocks are classified by where they are formed. Which type of igneous rock forms underground?
a.
extrusive
c.
volcanic
b.
intrusive
d.
ash
 

 12. 

In the rock cycle, what type or types of rock can change to form sedimentary rock?
a.
igneous rock only
b.
other sedimentary rocks only
c.
metamorphic rock only
d.
any type of rock
 

 13. 

After they are deposited, sediments, such as sand, are turned into sedimentary rock when they are compacted and
a.
cemented.
c.
melted.
b.
metamorphosed.
d.
weathered.
 

 14. 

A sedimentary rock formed when rock fragments are squeezed together is called a(n)
a.
clastic rock.
b.
chemical rock.
c.
organic rock.
d.
igneous rock.
 

 15. 

Generally, a rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture
a.
of large crystals.
b.
of minerals and organic materials.
c.
of small crystals.
d.
with a compound of several elements.
 

 16. 

Where does most metamorphic rock form?
a.
at the surface
b.
just below the surface
c.
in sea waters
d.
deep underground
 

 17. 

Igneous rocks can be converted into sedimentary rock by undergoing which of the following processes?
a.
weathering and erosion
c.
subduction and melting
b.
cooling and crystallization
d.
compaction and cementation
 

 18. 

Igneous rocks form from
a.
sediment.
c.
gravel.
b.
mud.
d.
magma.
 

 19. 

Igneous rock that formed from lava that erupted onto Earth's surface is called
a.
extrusive rock.
b.
intrusive rock.
c.
clastic rock.
d.
sedimentary rock.
 

 20. 

A series of processes on Earth's surface and interior that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another is called
a.
erosion.
b.
crystallization.
c.
the rock cycle.
d.
evaporation.
 



 
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